Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012 Nov 16;428(2):252-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.10.034. Epub 2012 Oct 12.

Different binding property of STIM1 and its novel splice variant STIM1L to Orai1, TRPC3, and TRPC6 channels.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Horinouchi, T., Higashi, T., Higa, T., Terada, K., Mai, Y., Aoyagi, H., Hatate, C., Nepal, P., Horiguchi, M., Harada, T., Miwa, S.,
["Department of Cellular Pharmacology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido 060-8638, Japan. horinouc@med.hokudai.ac.jp"]
Stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) sensor to control ER Ca(2+) levels. A recent study has shown that STIM1L, a new splice variant of STIM1, is expressed in various tissues of rodent and in human skeletal muscle, and that the interaction of STIM1L with actin filament allows rapid activation of store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) mediated through Orai1 channels. Here, we characterize mRNA expression and function of human STIM1 and STIM1L, and compare their binding property to Orai1 functioning as store-operated Ca(2+) channels (SOCCs), and TRPC3 (transient receptor potential canonical 3) and TRPC6 channels functioning as endothelin type A receptor (ET(A)R)-operated Ca(2+) channels (ROCCs). Although mRNA for STIM1 was ubiquitously expressed in human tissues, STIM1L was detected only in skeletal muscle. STIM1L augmented thapsigargin- and endothelin-1-induced SOCE more strongly than STIM1 in human embryonic kidney 293 cells stably expressing ET(A)R, whereas, it tends to suppress ET(A)R-operated Ca(2+) entry (ROCE) via TRPC3 and TRPC6 more strongly than STIM1. Coimmunoprecipitation experiments have revealed that when compared with STIM1, STIM1L binds more abundantly to Orai1 and also to TRPC3 and TRPC6. These results suggest that the higher binding capacity of STIM1L to SOCCs and ROCCs plays an important role in the regulation of Ca(2+) signaling such as the augmentation of SOCE via Orai1 and the inhibition of ROCE via TRPC3 and TRPC6.
PMID: 23068106External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 STIM1 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Human Full-length Human Full-length 23068106
TRPC6 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 STIM1 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Human Full-length Human Full-length 23068106
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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