Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2012 Aug 1;303(3):C308-17. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00120.2012. Epub 2012 May 16.

Polyamines regulate intestinal epithelial restitution through TRPC1-mediated Ca(2)+ signaling by differentially modulating STIM1 and STIM2.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Rao, J. N., Rathor, N., Zhuang, R., Zou, T., Liu, L., Xiao, L., Turner, D. J., Wang, J. Y.,
["Cell Biology Group, Department of Surgery, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA."]
Early epithelial restitution occurs as a consequence of intestinal epithelial cell (IEC) migration after wounding, and its defective regulation is implicated in various critical pathological conditions. Polyamines stimulate intestinal epithelial restitution, but their exact mechanism remains unclear. Canonical transient receptor potential-1 (TRPC1)-mediated Ca(2+) signaling is crucial for stimulation of IEC migration after wounding, and induced translocation of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) to the plasma membrane activates TRPC1-mediated Ca(2+) influx and thus enhanced restitution. Here, we show that polyamines regulate intestinal epithelial restitution through TRPC1-mediated Ca(2+) signaling by altering the ratio of STIM1 to STIM2. Increasing cellular polyamines by ectopic overexpression of the ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) gene stimulated STIM1 but inhibited STIM2 expression, whereas depletion of cellular polyamines by inhibiting ODC activity decreased STIM1 but increased STIM2 levels. Induced STIM1/TRPC1 association by increasing polyamines enhanced Ca(2+) influx and stimulated epithelial restitution, while decreased formation of the STIM1/TRPC1 complex by polyamine depletion decreased Ca(2+) influx and repressed cell migration. Induced STIM1/STIM2 heteromers by polyamine depletion or STIM2 overexpression suppressed STIM1 membrane translocation and inhibited Ca(2+) influx and epithelial restitution. These results indicate that polyamines differentially modulate cellular STIM1 and STIM2 levels in IECs, in turn controlling TRPC1-mediated Ca(2+) signaling and influencing cell migration after wounding.
PMID: 22592407External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 STIM1 Co-immunoprecipitation Rat normal small intestine cell line IEC-6 22592407
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 STIM1 Co-immunoprecipitation Rat normal small intestine cell line IEC-6 (IEC-Cdx2L1 stable cell) 22592407
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 STIM1 Co-immunoprecipitation Caco-2 cell 22592407
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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