FASEB J. 2012 Jan;26(1):409-19. doi: 10.1096/fj.11-185611. Epub 2011 Oct 3.

TRPC1 proteins confer PKC and phosphoinositol activation on native heteromeric TRPC1/C5 channels in vascular smooth muscle: comparative study of wild-type and TRPC1-/- mice.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Shi, J., Ju, M., Abramowitz, J., Large, W. A., Birnbaumer, L., Albert, A. P.,
["Division of Biomedical Sciences, Cranmer St. George's, University of London, London, UK."]
Ca(2+)-permeable cation channels consisting of canonical transient receptor potential 1 (TRPC1) proteins mediate Ca(2+) influx pathways in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), which regulate physiological and pathological functions. We investigated properties conferred by TRPC1 proteins to native single TRPC channels in acutely isolated mesenteric artery VSMCs from wild-type (WT) and TRPC1-deficient (TRPC1(-/-)) mice using patch-clamp techniques. In WT VSMCs, the intracellular Ca(2+) store-depleting agents cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) and 1,2-bis-(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (BAPTA-AM) both evoked channel currents, which had unitary conductances of approximately 2 pS. In TRPC1(-/-) VSMCs, CPA-induced channel currents had 3 subconductance states of 14, 32, and 53 pS. Passive depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores activated whole-cell cation currents in WT but not TRPC1(-/-) VSMCs. Differential blocking actions of anti-TRPC antibodies and coimmunoprecipitation studies revealed that CPA induced heteromeric TRPC1/C5 channels in WT VSMCs and TRPC5 channels in TRPC1(-/-) VSMCs. CPA-evoked TRPC1/C5 channel activity was prevented by the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor chelerythrine. In addition, the PKC activator phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu), a PKC catalytic subunit, and phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) and phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP(3)) activated TRPC1/C5 channel activity, which was prevented by chelerythrine. In contrast, CPA-evoked TRPC5 channel activity was potentiated by chelerythrine, and inhibited by PDBu, PIP(2), and PIP(3). TRPC5 channels in TRPC1(-/-) VSMCs were activated by increasing intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)), whereas increasing [Ca(2+)](i) had no effect in WT VSMCs. We conclude that agents that deplete intracellular Ca(2+) stores activate native heteromeric TRPC1/C5 channels in VSMCs, and that TRPC1 subunits are important in determining unitary conductance and conferring channel activation by PKC, PIP(2), and PIP(3).
PMID: 21968068External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 TRPC5 Co-immunoprecipitation Mouse vascular smooth muscle cell 21968068
TRPC5 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 TRPC1 Co-immunoprecipitation Mouse vascular smooth muscle cell 21968068
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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