Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2009 Jul;297(1):H417-24. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.01130.2008. Epub 2009 Jun 5.

Inhibition of TRPC1/TRPC3 by PKG contributes to NO-mediated vasorelaxation.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Chen, J., Crossland, R. F., Noorani, M. M., Marrelli, S. P.,
["Department of Anesthesiology, Section of Critical Care, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA."]
Nitric oxide (NO) inhibits transient receptor potential channel 3 (TRPC3) channels via a PKG-dependent mechanism. We sought to determine 1) whether NO inhibition of TRPC3 occurs in freshly isolated smooth muscle cells (SMC); and 2) whether NO inhibition of TRPC3 channels contributes to NO-mediated vasorelaxation. We tested these hypotheses in freshly isolated rat carotid artery (CA) SMC using patch clamp and in intact CA by vessel myograph. We demonstrated TRPC3 expression in whole CA (mRNA and protein) that was localized to the smooth muscle layers. TRPC1 protein was also expressed and coimmunoprecipitated with TRPC3. Whole cell patch clamp demonstrated nonselective cation channel currents that were activated by UTP (60 microM) and completely inhibited by a TRPC channel inhibitor, La(3+) (100 microM). The UTP-stimulated current (I(UTP)) was also inhibited by intracellular application of anti-TRPC3 or anti-TRPC1 antibody, but not by anti-TRPC6 or anti-TRPC4 control antibodies. We next evaluated the NO signaling pathway on I(UTP). Exogenous NO [(Z)-1-{N-methyl-N-[6(N-methylammoniohexyl)amino]}diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (MAHMA NONOate)] or a cell-permeable cGMP analog (8-bromo-cGMP) significantly inhibited I(UTP). Preapplication of a PKG inhibitor (KT5823) reversed the inhibition of MAHMA NONOate or 8-bromo-cGMP, demonstrating the critical role of PKG in NO inhibition of TRPC1/TRPC3. Intact CA segments were contracted with UTP (100 microM) in the presence or absence of La(3+) (100 microM) and then evaluated for relaxation to an NO donor, sodium nitroprusside (1 nM to 1 microM). Relaxation to sodium nitroprusside was significantly reduced in the La(3+) treatment group. We conclude that freshly isolated SMC express TRPC1/TRPC3 channels and that these channels are inhibited by NO/cGMP/PKG. Furthermore, NO contributes to vasorelaxation by inhibition of La(3+)-sensitive channels consistent with TRPC1/TRPC3.
PMID: 19502552External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 TRPC3 Co-immunoprecipitation Rat carotid artery smooth muscle cell 19502552
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 TRPC1 Co-immunoprecipitation Rat carotid artery smooth muscle cell 19502552
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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