J Physiol. 2009 Jun 1;587(Pt 11):2429-42. doi: 10.1113/jphysiol.2009.172254. Epub 2009 Mar 30.

TRPC1 and STIM1 mediate capacitative Ca2+ entry in mouse pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Ng, L. C., McCormack, M. D., Airey, J. A., Singer, C. A., Keller, P. S., Shen, X. M., Hume, J. R.,
["Department of Pharmacology, University of Nevada School of Medicine, Reno, NV 89557, USA. lcng@medicine.nevada.edu"]
Previous studies in pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) showed that the TRPC1 channel mediates capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE), but the molecular signal(s) that activate TRPC1 in PASMCs remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to determine if TRPC1 mediates CCE through activation of STIM1 protein in mouse PASMCs. In primary cultured mouse PASMCs loaded with fura-2, cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) caused a transient followed by a sustained rise in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)). The transient but not the sustained rise in [Ca(2+)](i) was partially inhibited by nifedipine. In addition, CPA increased the rate of Mn(2+) quench of fura-2 fluorescence that was inhibited by SKF 96365, Ni(2+), La(3+) and Gd(3+), exhibiting pharmacological properties characteristic of CCE. The nifedipine-insensitive sustained rise in [Ca(2+)](i) and the increase in Mn(2+) quench of fura-2 fluorescence caused by CPA were both inhibited in cells pretreated with antibody raised against an extracellular epitope of TRPC1. Moreover, STIM1 siRNA reduced the rise in [Ca(2+)](i) and Mn(2+) quench of fura-2 fluorescence caused by CPA, whereas overexpression of STIM1 resulted in a marked increase in these responses. RT-PCR revealed TRPC1 and STIM1 mRNAs, and Western blot analysis identified TRPC1 and STIM1 proteins in mouse PASMCs. Furthermore, TRPC1 was found to co-immunoprecipitate with STIM1, and the precipitation level of TRPC1 was increased in cells subjected to store depletion. Taken together, store depletion causes activation of voltage-operated Ca(2+) entry and CCE. These data provide direct evidence that CCE is mediated by TRPC1 channel through activation of STIM1 in mouse PASMCs.
PMID: 19332490External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 STIM1 Co-immunoprecipitation Mouse pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cell 19332490
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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