J Biol Chem. 2008 Apr 18;283(16):10385-95. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M710231200. Epub 2008 Feb 14.

TRPC3 is the erythropoietin-regulated calcium channel in human erythroid cells.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Tong, Q., Hirschler-Laszkiewicz, I., Zhang, W., Conrad, K., Neagley, D. W., Barber, D. L., Cheung, J. Y., Miller, B. A.,
["Department of Pediatrics, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA."]
Erythropoietin (Epo) stimulates a significant increase in the intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) through activation of the murine transient receptor potential channel TRPC2, but TRPC2 is a pseudogene in humans. TRPC3 expression increases on normal human erythroid progenitors during differentiation. Here, we determined that erythropoietin regulates calcium influx through TRPC3. Epo stimulation of HEK 293T cells transfected with Epo receptor and TRPC3 resulted in a dose-dependent increase in [Ca(2+)](i), which required extracellular calcium influx. Treatment with the phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor U-73122 or down-regulation of PLCgamma1 by RNA interference inhibited the Epo-stimulated increase in [Ca(2+)](i) in TRPC3-transfected HEK 293T cells and in primary human erythroid precursors, demonstrating a requirement for PLC. TRPC3 associated with PLCgamma, and substitution of predicted PLCgamma Src homology 2 binding sites (Y226F, Y555F, Y648F, and Y674F) on TRPC3 reduced the interaction of TRPC3 with PLCgamma and inhibited the rise in [Ca(2+)](i). Substitution of Tyr(226) alone with phenylalanine significantly reduced the Epo-stimulated increase in [Ca(2+)](i) but not the association of PLCgamma with TRPC3. PLC activation results in production of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3)). To determine whether IP(3) is involved in Epo activation of TRPC3, TRPC3 mutants were prepared with substitution or deletion of COOH-terminal IP(3) receptor (IP(3)R) binding domains. In cells expressing TRPC3 with mutant IP(3)R binding sites and Epo receptor, interaction of IP(3)R with TRPC3 was abolished, and Epo-modulated increase in [Ca(2+)](i) was reduced. Our data demonstrate that Epo modulates TRPC3 activation through a PLCgamma-mediated process that requires interaction of PLCgamma and IP(3)R with TRPC3. They also show that TRPC3 Tyr(226) is critical in Epo-dependent activation of TRPC3. These data demonstrate a redundancy of TRPC channel activation mechanisms by widely different agonists.
PMID: 18276585External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Screening Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Experimental screening Non-experimental screening Reference
TRP channel construct Interactor source
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Organ/tissue Sample type
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Epo-R Inference Prediction 18276585
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Epo-R Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293T Human Full-length Human Full-length 18276585
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PLCƣ1 Co-immunoprecipitation Human erythroid cell 18276585
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PLCƣ1 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293T Human Full-length Rat Full-length 18276585
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Characterization Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Binding region mapping Stoichiometry Affinity (Kd) Reference
TRP channel Interactor
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 IP3R3 Co-immunoprecipitation Human 775-787 Rat Not determined 18276585
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Functional consequence Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
TRP channel Interactor Method Post-translational modification Subcellular trafficking Activity Reference
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Epo-R Calcium measurement Activation 18276585
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Epo-R Patch clamp Activation 18276585
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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