Cell Signal. 2007 Oct;19(10):2147-54. Epub 2007 Jun 28.

Dual role of tubulin-cytoskeleton in store-operated calcium entry in human platelets.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Redondo, P. C., Harper, A. G., Sage, S. O., Rosado, J. A.,
["Department of Physiology, Development and Neuroscience, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, Downing Site, UK. pcr@unex.es"]
Two mechanisms for store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) regulated by two independent Ca(2+) stores, the dense tubular system (DTS) and the acidic stores, have been described in platelets. We have previously suggested that coupling between the type II IP(3) receptor (IP(3)RII) and hTRPC1, involving reorganization of the actin microfilaments, play an important role in SOCE. However, the involvement of the tubulin microtubules, located beneath the plasma membrane, remains unclear. Here we show that the microtubule disrupting agent colchicine reduced Ca(2+) entry stimulated by low concentrations (0.1 U/mL) of thrombin, which activates SOCE mostly by depleting acidic Ca(2+)-store. Consistently, colchicine reduced SOCE activated by 2,5 di-(tertbutyl)-1,4-hydroquinone (TBHQ), which selectively depletes the acidic Ca(2+) stores. In contrast, colchicine enhanced SOCE mediated by depletion of the DTS, induced by high concentrations of thapsigargin (TG), which depletes both the acidic Ca(2+) stores and the DTS, the major releasable Ca(2+) store in platelets. These findings were confirmed by using Sr(2+) as a surrogate for Ca(2+) entry. Colchicine attenuated the coupling between IP(3)RII and hTRPC1 stimulated by thrombin while it enhanced that evoked by TG. Paclitaxel, which induces microtubular stabilization and polymerization, exerted the opposite effects on thrombin- and TG-evoked SOCE and coupling between IP(3)RII and hTRPC1 compared with colchicine. Neither colchicine nor paclitaxel altered the ability of platelets to extrude Ca(2+). These findings suggest that tubulin microtubules play a dual role in SOCE, acting as a barrier that prevents constitutive SOCE regulated by DTS, but also supporting SOCE mediated by the acidic Ca(2+) stores.
PMID: 17681754External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 IP3R2 Co-immunoprecipitation Human platelets 17681754
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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