Cell Calcium. 2007 Feb;41(2):155-67. Epub 2006 Aug 14.

Signaling proteins in raft-like microdomains are essential for Ca2+ wave propagation in glial cells.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Weerth, S. H., Holtzclaw, L. A., Russell, J. T.,
["Section for Cell Biology and Signal Transduction, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-4480, USA."]
The hypothesis that calcium signaling proteins segregate into lipid raft-like microdomains was tested in isolated membranes of rat oligodendrocyte progenitor (OP) cells and astrocytes using Triton X-100 solubilization and density gradient centrifugation. Western blot analysis of gradient fractions showed co-localization of caveolin-1 with proteins involved in the Ca2+ signaling cascade. These included agonist receptors, P2Y1, and M1, TRPC1, IP3R2, ryanodine receptor, as well as the G protein Galphaq and Homer. Membranes isolated from agonist-stimulated astrocytes showed an enhanced recruitment of phospholipase C (PLCbeta1), IP3R2 and protein kinase C (PKC-alpha) into lipid raft fractions. IP3R2, TRPC1 and Homer co-immunoprecipitated, suggesting protein-protein interactions. Disruption of rafts by cholesterol depletion using methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (beta-MCD) altered the distribution of caveolin-1 and GM1 to non-raft fractions with higher densities. beta-MCD-induced disruption of rafts inhibited agonist-evoked Ca2+ wave propagation in astrocytes and attenuated wave speeds. These results indicate that in glial cells, Ca2+ signaling proteins might exist in organized membrane microdomains, and these complexes may include proteins from different cellular membrane systems. Such an organization is essential for Ca2+ wave propagation.
PMID: 16905188External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Homer-1 Co-immunoprecipitation Rat astrocyte 16905188
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 IP3R2 Co-immunoprecipitation Rat astrocyte 16905188
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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