J Endocrinol. 2006 Aug;190(2):385-95.

Pregnancy-enhanced store-operated Ca2+ channel function in uterine artery endothelial cells is associated with enhanced agonist-specific transient receptor potential channel 3-inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 2 interaction.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Gifford, S. M., Yi, F. X., Bird, I. M.,
["Perinatal Research Laboratories, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Wisconsin Madison, 7E Meriter Hospital/Park, 202 South Park Street, Madison, Wisconsin 53715, USA."]
We have previously shown that endothelial cells (EC) derived from the uterine artery (UA) of both pregnant (P-UAEC) and nonpregnant (NP-UAEC) ewes show a biphasic intracellular free Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) response after ATP stimulation. In each case, the initial transient peak, caused by the release of Ca(2+) from the intracellular Ca(2+) stores, is mediated by purinergic receptor-Y2 and is very similar in both cell types. However, the sustained phase in particular, caused by the influx of extracellular Ca(2+), is heightened in the P-UAEC, and associates with an increased ability of the cells to demonstrate enhanced capacitative Ca(2+) entry (CCE) via store-operated channels (SOCs). Herein we demonstrated that the difference in the sustained [Ca(2+)](i) response is maintained for at least 30 min. When 2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate (2APB) (an inhibitor of the inosital 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (IP3R) and possibly SOC) was used in conjunction with ATP, it was capable of completely inhibiting CCE. Since 2APB can inhibit SOC in some cell types and 2APB was capable of inhibiting CCE in the UAEC model, the role of SOC in CCE was first evaluated using the classical inhibitor La(3+). The ATP-induced sustained phase was inhibited by 10 microM La(3+), implying a role for SOC in the [Ca(2+)](i) response. Since canonical transient receptor potential channels (TRPCs) have recently been identified as putative SOCs in many cell types, including EC, the expression levels of several isoforms were evaluated in UAEC. Expression of TRPC3 and TRPC6 channels in particular was detected, but no significant difference in expression level was found between NP- and P-UAEC. Nonetheless, we were able to show that IP3R2 interacts with TRPC3 in UAEC, forming a protein complex, and that this interaction is considerably enhanced in an agonist sensitive manner by pregnancy. Thus, while IP3R and TRPC isoforms are not altered in their expression by pregnancy, enhanced functional interaction of TRPC3 with IP3R2 may underlie pregnancy-enhanced CCE in the UAEC model and so explain the prolonged [Ca(2+)](i) sustained phase seen in response to ATP.
PMID: 16899571External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 IP3R2 Co-immunoprecipitation Sheep uterine arterial endothelial cell 16899571
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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