J Biol Chem. 2006 Apr 7;281(14):9076-85. Epub 2006 Feb 6.

Regulation of the transient receptor potential channel TRPM2 by the Ca2+ sensor calmodulin.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Tong, Q., Zhang, W., Conrad, K., Mostoller, K., Cheung, J. Y., Peterson, B. Z., Miller, B. A.,
["Department of Pediatrics, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA."]
TRPM2, a member of the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily, is a Ca(2+)-permeable channel activated by oxidative stress or tumor necrosis factoralpha involved in susceptibility to cell death. TRPM2 activation is dependent on the level of intracellular Ca(2+). We explored whether calmodulin (CaM) is the Ca(2+) sensor for TRPM2. HEK 293T cells were transfected with TRPM2 and wild type CaM or mutant CaM (CaM(MUT)) with substitutions of all four EF hands. Treatment of cells expressing TRPM2 with H(2)O(2) or tumor necrosis factor alpha resulted in a significant increase in intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)). This was not affected by coexpression of CaM, suggesting that endogenous CaM levels are sufficient for maximal response. Cotransfection of CaM(MUT) with TRPM2 dramatically inhibited the increase in [Ca(2+)](i), demonstrating the requirement for CaM in TRPM2 activation. Immunoprecipitation confirmed direct interaction of CaM and CaM(MUT) with TRPM2, and the Ca(2+) dependence of this association. CaM bound strongly to the TRPM2 N terminus (amino acids 1-730), but weakly to the C terminus (amino acids 1060-1503). CaM binding to an IQ-like motif (amino acids 406-416) in the TRPM2 N terminus was demonstrated utilizing gel shift, immunoprecipitation, biotinylated CaM overlay, and pull-down assays. A substitution mutant of the IQ-like motif of TRPM2 (TRPM2-IQ(MUT1)) reduced but did not eliminate CaM binding to TRPM2, suggesting the presence of at least one other CaM binding site. The functional importance of the TRPM2 IQ-like motif was demonstrated by treatment of TRPM2-IQ(MUT1)-expressing cells with H(2)O(2). The increase in [Ca(2+)](i) observed with wild type TRPM2 was absent and cell viability was preserved. These data demonstrate the requirement for CaM in TRPM2 activation. They suggest that Ca(2+) entering through TRPM2 enhances interaction of CaM with TRPM2 at the IQ-like motif in the N terminus, providing crucial positive feedback for channel activation.
PMID: 16461353External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Screening Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Experimental screening Non-experimental screening Reference
TRP channel construct Interactor source
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Organ/tissue Sample type
TRPM2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Calmodulin Inference Prediction 16461353
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPM2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Calmodulin Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293T Human Full-length Not specified Full-length 16461353
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Characterization Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Binding region mapping Stoichiometry Affinity (Kd) Reference
TRP channel Interactor
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPM2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Calmodulin Co-immunoprecipitation Human 1-730 Not specified Not determined 16461353
TRPM2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Calmodulin Co-immunoprecipitation Human 406-416 Not specified Not determined 16461353
TRPM2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Calmodulin Co-immunoprecipitation Human 1060-1503 Not specified Not determined 16461353
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Functional consequence Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
TRP channel Interactor Method Post-translational modification Subcellular trafficking Activity Reference
TRPM2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Calmodulin Calcium measurement Activation 16461353
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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