J Biol Chem. 2005 Feb 18;280(7):5626-35. Epub 2004 Nov 17.

Genomic organization and functional analysis of murine PKD2L1.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Murakami, M., Ohba, T., Xu, F., Shida, S., Satoh, E., Ono, K., Miyoshi, I., Watanabe, H., Ito, H., Iijima, T.,
["Department of Pharmacology, Akita University School of Medicine, Akita 010-8543, Japan. manabumurakami@excite.co.jp"]
Mutations in genes that encode polycystins 1 or 2 cause polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Here, we report the genomic organization and functional expression of murine orthologue of human polycystin-2L1 (PKD2L1). The murine PKD2L1 gene comprises 15 exons in chromosome 19C3. Coexpression of PKD2L1 together with polycystin-1 (PKD1) resulted in the expression of PKD2L1 channels on the cell surface, whereas PKD2L1 expressed alone was retained within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This suggested that interaction between PKD1 and PKD2L1 is essential for PKD2L1 trafficking and channel formation. Deletion analysis at the cytoplasmic tail of PKD2L1 revealed that the coiled-coil domain was important for trafficking by PKD1. Mutagenesis within two newly identified ER retention signal-like amino acid sequences caused PKD2L1 to be expressed at the cell surface. This indicated that the coiled-coil domain was responsible for retaining PKD2L1 within the ER. Functional analysis of murine PKD2L1 expressed in HEK 293 cells was undertaken using calcium imaging. Coexpression of PKD1 and PKD2L1 resulted in the formation of functional cation channels that were opened by hypo-osmotic stimulation, whereas neither molecule formed functional channels when expressed alone. We conclude that PKD2L1 forms functional cation channels on the plasma membrane by interacting with PKD1. These findings raise the possibility that PKD2L1 represents the third genetic locus that is responsible for PKD.
PMID: 15548533External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Screening Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Experimental screening Non-experimental screening Reference
TRP channel construct Interactor source
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Organ/tissue Sample type
TRPP2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PKD1/Polycystin-1 Inference Prediction 15548533
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPP2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PKD1/Polycystin-1 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Mouse Full-length Mouse Full-length 15548533
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Functional consequence Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
TRP channel Interactor Method Post-translational modification Subcellular trafficking Activity Reference
TRPP2 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PKD1/Polycystin-1 Co-immunofluorescence staining Increase in plasma membrane level 15548533
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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