J Biol Chem. 2004 Apr 2;279(14):13696-704. Epub 2004 Jan 21.

Ca(2+) signaling by TRPC3 involves Na(+) entry and local coupling to the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Rosker, C., Graziani, A., Lukas, M., Eder, P., Zhu, M. X., Romanin, C., Groschner, K.,
["Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Karl-Franzens-University Graz, A-8010 Graz, Austria."]
TRPC3 has been suggested as a key component of phospholipase C-dependent Ca(2+) signaling. Here we investigated the role of TRPC3-mediated Na(+) entry as a determinant of plasmalemmal Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange. Ca(2+) signals generated by TRPC3 overexpression in HEK293 cells were found to be dependent on extracellular Na(+), in that carbachol-stimulated Ca(2+) entry into TRPC3 expressing cells was significantly suppressed when extracellular Na(+) was reduced to 5 mm. Moreover, KB-R9743 (5 microm) an inhibitor of the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) strongly suppressed TRPC3-mediated Ca(2+) entry but not TRPC3-mediated Na(+) currents. NCX1 immunoreactivity was detectable in HEK293 as well as in TRPC3-overexpressing HEK293 cells, and reduction of extracellular Na(+) after Na(+) loading with monensin resulted in significant rises in intracellular free Ca(2+) (Ca(2+)(i)) of HEK293 cells. Similar rises in Ca(2+)(i) were recorded in TRPC3-overexpressing cells upon the reduction of extracellular Na(+) subsequent to stimulation with carbachol. These increases in Ca(2+)(i) were associated with outward membrane currents at positive potentials and inhibited by KB-R7943 (5 microm), chelation of extracellular Ca(2+), or dominant negative suppression of TRPC3 channel function. This suggests that Ca(2+) entry into TRPC3-expressing cells involves reversed mode Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange. Cell fractionation experiments demonstrated co-localization of TRPC3 and NCX1 in low density membrane fractions, and co-immunoprecipitation experiments provided evidence for association of TRPC3 and NCX1. Glutathione S-transferase pull-down experiments revealed that NCX1 interacts with the cytosolic C terminus of TRPC3. We suggest functional and physical interaction of nonselective TRPC cation channels with NCX proteins as a novel principle of TRPC-mediated Ca(2+) signaling.
PMID: 14736881External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Screening Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Experimental screening Non-experimental screening Reference
TRP channel construct Interactor source
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Organ/tissue Sample type
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 NCX1 Inference Prediction 14736881
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Validation: In vitro validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with recombinant proteins Reference
TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Expression system Species Region Expression system
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 NCX1 Fusion protein-pull down assay Human 742-848 E. coli Not used HEK293 lysates 14736881
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 NCX1 Co-immunoprecipitation HEK293 Human Full-length Not used 14736881
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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