Circ Res. 2003 Oct 31;93(9):839-47. Epub 2003 Oct 9.

Cholesterol depletion impairs vascular reactivity to endothelin-1 by reducing store-operated Ca2+ entry dependent on TRPC1.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Bergdahl, A., Gomez, M. F., Dreja, K., Xu, S. Z., Adner, M., Beech, D. J., Broman, J., Hellstrand, P., Sward, K.,
["Department of Physiological Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden."]
The reactivity of the vascular wall to endothelin-1 (ET-1) is influenced by cholesterol, which is of possible importance for the progression of atherosclerosis. To elucidate signaling steps affected, the cholesterol acceptor methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (mbetacd, 10 mmol/L) was used to manipulate membrane cholesterol and disrupt caveolae in intact rat arteries. In endothelium-denuded caudal artery, contractile responsiveness to 10 nmol/L ET-1 (mediated by the ETA receptor) was reduced by mbetacd and increased by cholesterol. Neither ligand binding nor colocalization of ETA and caveolin-1 was affected by mbetacd. Ca2+ inflow via store-operated channels after depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores was reduced in mbetacd-treated caudal arteries, as shown by Mn2+ quench rate and intracellular [Ca2+] response. Expression of TRPC1, 3, and 6 was detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and colocalization of TRPC1 with caveolin-1 was reduced by mbetacd, as seen by immunofluorescence. Part of the contractile response to ET-1 was inhibited by Ni2+ (0.5 mmol/L) and by a TRPC1 blocking antibody. In the basilar artery, exhibiting less store-operated channel activity than the caudal artery, ET-1-induced contractions were insensitive to the TRPC1 blocking antibody and to mbetacd. Increased store-operated channel activity in basilar arteries after organ culture correlated with increased sensitivity of ET-1 contraction to mbetacd. These results suggest that cholesterol influences vascular reactivity to ET-1 by affecting the caveolar localization of TRPC1.
PMID: 14551243External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Caveolin-1 Co-immunofluorescence staining Rat caudal artery section 14551243
TRPC1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 Caveolin-1 Co-immunoprecipitation Rat caudal artery cell 14551243
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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