Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Oct 14;100(21):12480-5. Epub 2003 Oct 1.

Protein kinase C phosphorylation sensitizes but does not activate the capsaicin receptor transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1).External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Bhave, G., Hu, H. J., Glauner, K. S., Zhu, W., Wang, H., Brasier, D. J., Oxford, G. S., Gereau, R. W. 4th,
["Division of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA."]
Protein kinase C (PKC) modulates the function of the capsaicin receptor transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1). This modulation manifests as increased current when the channel is activated by capsaicin. In addition, studies have suggested that phosphorylation by PKC might directly gate the channel, because PKC-activating phorbol esters induce TRPV1 currents in the absence of applied ligands. To test whether PKC both modulates and gates the TRPV1 function by direct phosphorylation, we used direct sequencing to determine the major sites of PKC phosphorylation on TRPV1 intracellular domains. We then tested the ability of the PKC-activating phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to potentiate capsaicin-induced currents and to directly gate TRPV1. We found that mutation of S800 to alanine significantly reduced the PMA-induced enhancement of capsaicin-evoked currents and the direct activation of TRPV1 by PMA. Mutation of S502 to alanine reduced PMA enhancement of capsaicin-evoked currents, but had no effect on direct activation of TRPV1 by PMA. Conversely, mutation of T704 to alanine had no effect on PMA enhancement of capsaicin-evoked currents but dramatically reduced direct activation of TRPV1 by PMA. These results, combined with pharmacological studies showing that inactive phorbol esters also weakly activate TRPV1, suggest that PKC-mediated phosphorylation modulates TRPV1 but does not directly gate the channel. Rather, currents induced by phorbol esters result from the combination of a weak direct ligand-like activation of TRPV1 and the phosphorylation-induced enhancement of the TRPV1 function. Furthermore, modulation of the TRPV1 function by PKC appears to involve distinct phosphorylation sites depending on the mechanism of channel activation.
PMID: 14523239External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Screening Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Experimental screening Non-experimental screening Reference
TRP channel construct Interactor source
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Organ/tissue Sample type
TRPV1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PKC Inference Prediction 14523239
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
Functional consequence Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
TRP channel Interactor Method Post-translational modification Subcellular trafficking Activity Reference
TRPV1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PKC In vitro PTM assay Phosphorylation 14523239
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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