J Am Soc Nephrol. 2003 Sep;14(9):2280-7.

Analysis of the polycystins in aortic vascular smooth muscle cells.External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c

Qian, Q., Li, M., Cai, Y., Ward, C. J., Somlo, S., Harris, P. C., Torres, V. E.,
["Division of Nephrology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA. Qian.qi@mayo.edu"]
The leading cause of death in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is cardiovascular. However, little is known about the pathogenesis of these manifestations. The present study was undertaken to characterize the ADPKD proteins, the polycystins, in vascular smooth muscle cells. It was demonstrated that the expression of polycystin-1 is developmentally regulated, whereas polycystin-2 has a more constant level of expression. A polycystin-1 subpopulation was immunoprecipitated by polycystin-2, indicating an in vivo interaction of these two proteins. Analysis with glycosidase and cell surface biotinylation indicates that some polycystin-1 products, but not polycystin-2, are located on the plasma membrane. Immunofluorescence showed that most of the polycystin-1 and polycystin-2 was cytoplasmic but that persistent polycystin-1 staining was located in proximity to the cell surface after a Triton-X extraction, whereas no clear surface localization of polycystin-2 was detected. Immuno-gold electron microscopy revealed that polycystin-1 was localized at the plasma membrane and sarcoplasmic reticulum, whereas polycystin-2 was mainly located in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. Both polycystins were found to be associated with dense plaques. These observations are consistent with an important role of the polycystins in the development, maintenance, and function of the myoelastic arterial organization and with the vascular phenotype associated with ADPKD.
PMID: 12937304External 2231691f894ba696de1310221b0a0dbbb31a7251e75115c265587c3d9d5f507c
Validation: In vivo validation Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Assay with endogenous proteins Assay with overexpressed proteins Reference
Cell or tissue Cell or tissue TRP channel construct Interactor construct
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Region
TRPP1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PKD1/Polycystin-1 Co-immunofluorescence staining Mouse vascular smooth muscle cell 12937304
TRPP1 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 PKD1/Polycystin-1 Co-immunoprecipitation Mouse vascular smooth muscle cell 12937304
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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