AP2A2 / TRP channels

Name: AP-2 complex subunit alpha-2 (AP2A2)
Official Symbol: AP2A2 provided by HGNC
Component of the adaptor protein complex 2 (AP-2). Adaptor protein complexes function in protein transport via transport vesicles in different membrane traffic pathways. Adaptor protein complexes are vesicle coat components and appear to be involved in cargo selection and vesicle formation. AP-2 is involved in clathrin-dependent endocytosis in which cargo proteins are incorporated into vesicles surrounded by clathrin (clathrin-coated vesicles, CCVs) which are destined for fusion with the early endosome. The clathrin lattice serves as a mechanical scaffold but is itself unable to bind directly to membrane components. Clathrin-associated adaptor protein (AP) complexes which can bind directly to both the clathrin lattice and to the lipid and protein components of membranes are considered to be the major clathrin adaptors contributing the CCV formation. AP-2 also serves as a cargo receptor to selectively sort the membrane proteins involved in receptor-mediated endocytosis. AP-2 seems to play a role in the recycling of synaptic vesicle membranes from the presynaptic surface. AP-2 recognizes Y-X-X-[FILMV] (Y-X-X-Phi) and [ED]-X-X-X-L-[LI] endocytosis signal motifs within the cytosolic tails of transmembrane cargo molecules. AP-2 may also play a role in maintaining normal post-endocytic trafficking through the ARF6-regulated, non-clathrin pathway. The AP-2 alpha subunit binds polyphosphoinositide-containing lipids, positioning AP-2 on the membrane. The AP-2 alpha subunit acts via its C-terminal appendage domain as a scaffolding platform for endocytic accessory proteins. The AP-2 alpha and AP-2 sigma subunits are thought to contribute to the recognition of the [ED]-X-X-X-L-[LI] motif (By similarity).
Source: Reorganizing the protein space at the Universal Protein Resource (UniProt) Nucleic Acids Res. 40: D71-D75 (2012).
Species External DB Questionmark c7dcdfe7852228a510704064c33a0706d8c0e915bceea718517e77f7950c2984
Seq 055e86e69a1b9fa3c345494da0168454ea5fcb72eb0f6a154a55bbbbbcb46d2f
161External O94973External   O94973External MINT-1198502External 106670External O94973External   hsa:161External 607242External
Seq 055e86e69a1b9fa3c345494da0168454ea5fcb72eb0f6a154a55bbbbbcb46d2f
11772External P17427External   P17427External MINT-101068External 198130External P17427External   mmu:11772External  
Seq 055e86e69a1b9fa3c345494da0168454ea5fcb72eb0f6a154a55bbbbbcb46d2f
  P18484External DIP-29765NExternal P18484External MINT-93156External 249537External P18484External      
PPI pairs:
Biological Process:
Source: The Gene Ontology Consortium. Gene ontology: tool for the unification of biology. Nat. Genet.. May 2000;25(1):25-9.
World Wide Web URL: http://www.geneontology.org/
Disease: No information in OMIM
Source: Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, OMIM®. McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD), May, 2012.
World Wide Web URL: http://omim.org/
Screening Toggle 893349bafcc528f8346c51dc3420151d67b0126b2c122dd1017121c03fa0f69b
  Experimental screening Non-experimental screening Reference
TRP channel construct Interactor source
TRP channel Interactor Method Species Region Species Organ/tissue Sample type
TRPC3 Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4 AP2A2 Affinity purification-mass spectrometry Not used as a bait Rat Brain Crude membranes 18205297
(Link 2bd4d11adb659cddf58197a94e201f0a44c55d8d7cb427c624971b42e122c0a4: click the arrow icon to show interactions only between the corresponding TRP channel and the interactor)
TRP / Interactor

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